Investments in pure sciences may not produce short term gains but in the long run pay off. When we talk about development and the percetage of growth a country may have, there’s always something that comes up to our minds… Project investment

After facing a long lasting war, resulting in devastation, a country where desolation was the only thing you could relate to, the skilled immigrants from the erstwhile country going abroad searching for better opportunities and the remaining ones living in adversarial conditions, there was just something these nations had to do to rise like a fenix and turn them into the countries they’re now. INVESTMENT

There’s not any other way out…

When we check out countries that were part of the World War 2, and compare them from 80 years ago to nowadays, we see they thrived, because of mutual comperation between nations (Check down below Marshall Plan), social cohesion between their civilians and finally but not least… INVESTMENT

Let’s check what made them become first world nations

MARSHALL PLAN

The Marshall Plan was developed by Sectary of State George C. Marshall during the Truman Administration in order to rebuild post-World War II Europe in order to avoid mistakes made after World War I and to halt the expansion of Communism. Aid was offered to all of Europe, but fear of American economic dominance in the East caused Stalin to not allow the USSR or any of its satellites to accept. Investments and industrialization increased in the West and American markets established themselves. In total, the US gave around $12 billion in aid. Today, that is around $120 billion. In 1953, he would receive the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts

Portrait: US Army (USA) General (GEN) George C. Marshall. (Uncovered), (Exact date shot UNKNOWN).

Of course, the two main objetics of applying this Plan were: International Politics and Economy stability in the western hemisphere

  • International Politics: the collapse of European empires left the world with a vast power vacuum, and there were only 2 great powers remained strong enought to take over: the US and the Soviet Union. Communication and understanding between the 2 power continued to deteriorate as the USSR showed no interested in talking about rebuilding Europe and mostly silent about US’s messages, except when it come to war’s reparations. 
    In early 1947, the Greece and Turkey’s government were in a weak state with attack from the insurgent groups (which were believed to be led by Communist). The Truman advisors (prominently Dean Acheson) convinced Truman that if Greece fell in to Communist, Turkey would be surrounded, then the next would be Middle East and Southern Europe, thus the US need to take over and defend the “western civilization” against Communist infiltration. Thus born the Truman Doctrine.
  • Economic: The war brought huge demand for US products, which boosted US economy to account for half of the world GDP. But after the war, Europe and other allies can barely feed themselves and there were serious concern from US businessmen like William L. Clayton that if Europe collapsed altogether, the US would suffer the same fate.

This resulted in countries like Western Germany, Italy, United Kingdom, taking advantage on this resources distributed by USA, and all the investments put on their economies to boost machinery, industrialization, coal, mining, steelworks, massive consumption and list goes on.

Finally, Marshall Plan stopped communism for spreading in Western Europe and helped recover these countries, contributing to the birth of several food brands, clothing companies and the European Cinema Industry

SOCIAL COHESION

In the particular case of Spain, The bulk of Spanish infrastructure has been built over the past 25 years. Thirty years ago, it didn’t even have highways and major cities such as Madrid were ringed with shanty towns. A lot of this recent transformation has been financed with 1) cheap credit from German banks, 2) Foreign Direct Investment from the UK, Italy and France and 3) EU structural funds. Besides that, Spanish inmigrants in Argentina sent money back to their relatives still in Spain, as well as Spanish inmigrants in Venezuela and France. The same goes to Italian inmigrants, that turns out, they helped rebuild Italy after WW2, and through the creation of Chambers of Italian inmigrants in the respective countries, backed up projects of bridges, hospitals and schools in their native towns.

These showed how social cohesion can work, if a society together, it doesn’t matter if some are abroad or still living in the native country, they can contribute with effort and money to the transformation of a country under poverty and starvation.

Valdeacederas Madrid 50 years ago
Valdeacederas now

INVESTMENT IN SCIENCES

In this picture, we can see that countries like South Korea invests 4,3% of its GDP, based on 5600 scientists per 1 million people, resulting on a big amount of Research and Development on their economy. We also see countries like Finland, with 3,5% of its GDP invested towards science and technology, while it’s up to 8000 scientists per 1 million inhabitants. The leading country is the USA with a huge amount of annual R&D spending in this area, reflected in 5000 scientists per 1 million inhabitants, representing 3,6 of its GDP. We also see how developed countries like Italy, Spain and Canada encourage sciences and technology through 1,2; 1,3 and 2 percent of their GDP in investments around sciences and there are up to 1000 scientists per 1 million inhabitants

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